On the amplitude of surface waves obtained by noise correlation and the capability to recover the attenuation: a numerical approach

Paul Cupillard and Yann Capdeville. ( 2010 )
in: Geophys. J. Int., 181 (1687-1700)

Abstract

Cross-correlation of ambient seismic noise recorded by a pair of stations is now commonly recognized to contain the Green's function between the stations. Although traveltimes extracted from such data have been extensively used to get images of the Earth interior, very few studies have attempted to exploit the amplitudes. In this work, we investigate the information contained in the amplitudes and we probe the capability of noise correlations to recover anelastic attenuation. To do so, we carry out numerical experiments in which we generate seismic noise at the surface of a 1-D Earth model. One of the advantages of our approach is that both uniform and non-uniform distributions of noise sources can be taken into account. In the case of a uniform distribution, we find that geometrical spreading as well as intrinsic attenuation are retrieved, even after strong non-linear operations such as one-bit normalization and spectral whitening applied to the noise recordings. In the case of a non-uniform distribution of sources, the geometrical spreading of the raw noise correlations depends on the distribution, but intrinsic attenuation is preserved. For the one-bit noise and whitened noise correlations, the interpretation of observed amplitude decays requires further study.

Download / Links

BibTeX Reference

@ARTICLE{,
    author = { Cupillard, Paul and Capdeville, Yann },
     title = { On the amplitude of surface waves obtained by noise correlation and the capability to recover the attenuation: a numerical approach },
   journal = { Geophys. J. Int. },
    volume = { 181 },
      year = { 2010 },
     pages = { 1687-1700 },
       doi = { 10.1111/j.1365-246x.2010.04586.x },
  abstract = { Cross-correlation of ambient seismic noise recorded by a pair of stations is now commonly recognized to contain the Green's function between the stations. Although traveltimes extracted from such data have been extensively used to get images of the Earth interior, very few studies have attempted to exploit the amplitudes. In this work, we investigate the information contained in the amplitudes and we probe the capability of noise correlations to recover anelastic attenuation. To do so, we carry out numerical experiments in which we generate seismic noise at the surface of a 1-D Earth model. One of the advantages of our approach is that both uniform and non-uniform distributions of noise sources can be taken into account. In the case of a uniform distribution, we find that geometrical spreading as well as intrinsic attenuation are retrieved, even after strong non-linear operations such as one-bit normalization and spectral whitening applied to the noise recordings. In the case of a non-uniform distribution of sources, the geometrical spreading of the raw noise correlations depends on the distribution, but intrinsic attenuation is preserved. For the one-bit noise and whitened noise correlations, the interpretation of observed amplitude decays requires further study. }
}