Understanding the evolution of syn-depositional folds: Coupling decompaction and 3D sequential restoration

Pauline Durand-Riard and Lise Salles and Mary Ford and Guillaume Caumon and Jeanne Pellerin. ( 2011 )
in: Marine and Petroleum Geology, 28:8 (1530-1539)

Abstract

The analysis of basin dynamics and burial evolution requires a good understanding of sediment compaction. Classically, decompaction of sediments is performed in one dimension at a well location, using either a simple compaction/depth relationship or more complex elasto-plastic models. This paper presents a new approach combining sequentialdecompaction with 3Drestoration to allow for a true 3D basin analysis. Decompaction is performed in 3D after each restoration step, thus taking into account possible tectonic events and lateral thickness variations. Care is taken to apply decompaction to ensure volume continuity especially around faults. This approach is particularly suitable for syn-depositional folds whose growth strata constrain tectonic evolution through time. The proposed approach is applied to the sand-rich turbiditic reservoir analogue of Annot (SE France) where two fictitious wells are used to compare the new 3D technique to a well decompaction analysis. Coupling restoration and decompaction leads to an improved assessment of the basin history: an uplift of the underlying units is identified, which was not detected using decompaction on wells only. Such differences may have a significant impact on possible hydrocarbon maturation models of the basin. Moreover, the geometry of the restored and decompacted models can better constrains the basin history, and influence our understanding of potential hydrocarbon migration pathways.

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BibTeX Reference

@ARTICLE{DurandRiard2011,
    author = { Durand-Riard, Pauline and Salles, Lise and Ford, Mary and Caumon, Guillaume and Pellerin, Jeanne },
     title = { Understanding the evolution of syn-depositional folds: Coupling decompaction and 3D sequential restoration },
   journal = { Marine and Petroleum Geology },
    volume = { 28 },
    number = { 8 },
      year = { 2011 },
     pages = { 1530-1539 },
       doi = { 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2011.04.001 },
  abstract = { The analysis of basin dynamics and burial evolution requires a good understanding of sediment compaction. Classically, decompaction of sediments is performed in one dimension at a well location, using either a simple compaction/depth relationship or more complex elasto-plastic models. This paper presents a new approach combining sequentialdecompaction with 3Drestoration to allow for a true 3D basin analysis. Decompaction is performed in 3D after each restoration step, thus taking into account possible tectonic events and lateral thickness variations. Care is taken to apply decompaction to ensure volume continuity especially around faults. This approach is particularly suitable for syn-depositional folds whose growth strata constrain tectonic evolution through time.

The proposed approach is applied to the sand-rich turbiditic reservoir analogue of Annot (SE France) where two fictitious wells are used to compare the new 3D technique to a well decompaction analysis. Coupling restoration and decompaction leads to an improved assessment of the basin history: an uplift of the underlying units is identified, which was not detected using decompaction on wells only. Such differences may have a significant impact on possible hydrocarbon maturation models of the basin. Moreover, the geometry of the restored and decompacted models can better constrains the basin history, and influence our understanding of potential hydrocarbon migration pathways. }
}